Do We Need AI Government? – Part 2

(read Part 1 here)

I have seen it many times while watching chess commentators (typically, Grandmasters of the highest level) performing game analysis in real time.  These GMs will be considering different possibilities for both sides and, infrequently, when the situation becomes too complex and unclear, say something like, “Hey, let’s check with the chess engine now…. Oh, it gives a strong advantage to White, but I don’t see why…. It says to do… WHAT?!  And then… WHAT?! No…. these are not “human-like moves”, the players will not do that. This is too deep and machine-like…”.

The truth is that even the strongest Grandmasters often feel like little children when comparing their own analysis to that of a machine. But this is exactly why they are using machine analysis!

Lucky for chess, nobody suspects that “Stockfish” or “AlfaZero” have some ulterior motives, biases, don’t like some of the players, or wants to take advantage of somebody.  Chess engines are considered to be fast, powerful, accurate, and objective analysis and decision-making tools capable of finding the best solution for any situation and being useful to us by simply being better than us.  And nothing else.

And this is exactly how the future AI governments should look like: fast, powerful, accurate, and objective analysis and decision-making TOOLS capable of finding the best solution for any situation and being useful to us by being better than us. And nothing else.

Machine learning (ML) might already offer a possible approach needed to build and test such an “AI governance engine” and create the entire democratic election process using ML’s normal training and testing approach and steps:

  • Provide the “governance engine” with a training dataset of historical or other examples that are of high value to us and explain how to classify them (for example, “bad” or “good”).  Cover important social, economic, judicial, cultural, and educational fields.  For example, imagine thousands upon thousands of statements or questions along with their classifiers/answers presented like this:
    • “Rosa Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake’s order to relinquish her seat in the “colored section” to a white passenger.  Was she right or should she have stayed in the colored section?”. The answer: Rosa Parks was right. The driver was wrong.
    • Or, “greater investments in children education” are good. Cutting these investments is bad.
    • Cutting forest in Amazon delta is bad.  Reducing industrial water and air pollution is good.

We have tons of examples like this from our past and present.

  • Keep another dataset of examples with answers for testing. We will use it later to verify that the engine works well.

(Comment: The general population should take part in creating the above list of Q&A.  Millions of people can contribute to it. This will allow the people to have a very direct impact on the training and selection of their own government instead of choosing the best available but imperfect candidate) Continue reading

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2019 Meetings and Conferences on AI, Analytics, Big Data, Data Mining, Data Science, Machine Learning, AR/VR/XR/MR

If you plan to attend a meeting or a conference on AI, Big Data, Machine Learning, or a related subject in 2019 or want to read or publish a paper on these subjects, below are some resources for you to use.

Conferences:

I personally doubt that the world needs that many events on this (or any other) subject in one year (and the list will get longer over time, I am sure), but, at least, there are lots of options to chose  from:

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Weekly Global Tech News, February 18, 2019

This is a guest post from Mike Montemorra, who is a technology guru with long and successful career in computer industry. Mike keeps an eye on the latest developments in computer and storage technology and publishes his observations weekly. Below is his brief summary of what was important in the past week.


What did we learn last week?

Hi Folks,

It’s been another glorious week in Colorado.. sunshine and wind on the plains and snow in the mountains.  Thanks to California for leaving just a little bit of water in the storms to dump on our Rockies to fill our reservoirs.  Next week promises cold and snow even for us on the plains…

It looks like Hoya is busy building more factories for HDD glass substrates, this time in Laos to compliment their existing factories in Vietnam and Thailand.  It looks like two factors are driving this expansion:  More 3.5″ disks in each enterprise HDD means thinner substrates and the need for high Tg glass to allow for the HAMR flash annealing process.  Aluminum subs remain cheaper, so it is likely that lower platter count HDD’s (non-HAMR) will stay with Al.

Here is a fascinating article by Osaka Univ. on lowering power consumption at high datarates in MRAM devices.  This is early work, but it once again highlights the wide ranging potential for spintronic devices.

Image source: CNRS News

At the 64th IEDM conference this past December, the next ‘big thing’ could be the introduction of in-memory computing using both analog and digital memory methodologies to handle the vast amount of data generated by neuromorphic, IoT and other computations.  There is a lot of work to develop RRAM as both an analog and digital memory element (by manipulating the various set/reset pulse shapes) which would be a huge step forward in compute.   Consider how the introduction of in-memory compute would revolutionize edge computing and many of today’s memory/latency bottlenecks!

A sign of the (current) times with global notebook shipments declining and gaming notebook shipments slowing but, in a sign that there will be an upcoming 5G boom later this year that should drive demand, Nokia and others are seeing lots of demand for their 5G systems and components.  Just look at this roadmap from Qualcomm for examples.

Continue reading

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Weekly Global Tech News, February 11, 2019

This is a guest post from Mike Montemorra, who is a technology guru with long and successful career in computer industry. Mike keeps an eye on the latest developments in computer and storage technology and publishes his observations weekly. Below is his brief summary of what was important in the past week.


What did we learn last week?

Hi Folks,

It’s been mighty cold here in Colorado this week… -23C here this morning, but as is typical for Colorado, we will be barbecuing in shorts by Saturday(I hope)!   Here are a few tech tidbits from the week’s news that I think you will enjoy.

Source: Google

This quarter, we saw that major cloud providers like AWS, Microsoft and Google are increasing their spend on data center infrastructure.   These guys see the coming boom in IoT and 5G and will be ready when that next data wave hits!   Does this mean data center storage?  Not sure, but eventually this infrastructure gets filled with storage, so the demand will come.

At last month’s DesignCon in Santa Clara,CA, there was a fair amount of talk about 5G,  IoT and edge computing.  Tom Coughlin expounded on how edge computing will enhance the cloud and likely drive the next big boom in storage demand.

With the cost of SSD’s plummeting in today’s oversupply environment, it may be time to upgrade your PC or get a new one.    Here’s an analysis of some pretty competitively priced NVMe drives that look like good upgrade drives.  Get ’em while the pricing is right!

Continue reading

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Weekly Global Tech News, February 5, 2019

This is a guest post from Mike Montemorra, who is a technology guru with long and successful career in computer industry. Mike keeps an eye on the latest developments in computer and storage technology and publishes his observations weekly. Below is his brief summary of what was important in the past week.


What did we learn last week?

Hi Folks,

I hope everyone had a great week.  Here are a few interesting technical snippets from the news that I found interesting.  Hopefully you will enjoy these as you relax this weekend.   Cheers!

Source: Huawei

Here’s a bold prediction from HPE.  They are correct that storage class memory will become a dominant memory element, but I don’t see their original focus on memristors as the ultimate solution.  There will be technology churn in delivering this vision as eMRAM, eFRAM and other solutions vie for dominance.  Plus, it may take a decade or more for these kinds of predictions to sort themselves out and become the dominant direction.  This industry has a lot of inertia, so change comes slowly.

As the next generation smartphone rolls out with these eUFS embedded flash chips, plus any external memory you add, should allow more high def video taken using those embedded 20+MP cameras!   That means more external storage to store it all as well as further cloud storage growth!  Bring it on!

Source: Anandtech

Here’s a nice performance comparison of the latest Intel W-3175X Xeon server CPU.    It’s interesting to note that the chip module itself costs a few thousand dollars and it can consume up to 1KW when running all cores at >4GHz overclocked.  Yikes!  You might want to consider liquid cooling (or moving to the south pole) for this baby!

Continue reading

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Weekly Global Tech News, January 28, 2019

This is a guest post from Mike Montemorra, who is a technology guru with long and successful career in computer industry. Mike keeps an eye on the latest developments in computer and storage technology and publishes his observations weekly. Below is his brief summary of what was important in the past week.


What did we learn last week?

Hi Folks,

Are you staying warm and cozy this winter?  It’s been cool and blustery here in Colorado but we are enjoying the beautiful Rocky Mountain scenery!  Spring will be here soon enough, so enjoy the season!   Here are some interesting tech highlights from the week:

BackBlaze does the storage industry a service by publishing their ongoing HDD reliability metrics for over 750PB of online storage.  Here’s their latest for CY18.   Like it or not, this is one example of how HDD’s perform in RAID environments with their kind of backup workloads.

Some wishful predictions by WDC for CY19.  They predictably see edge computing and RISC-V coming of age in CY19 along with the first production shipments of energy assisted writing (MAMR and/or HAMR) for enterprise HDD’s.  All these predictions sound good in January… we will have to revisit again sometime early CQ4 to see how accurate this was.

Our friends at Objective Analysis and Coughlin Associates have finished their multipart technology update (thememoryguy.com) with this nice discussion about when and where emerging technologies (like ReRam and MRAM) begin to displace current memory architectures.  Their timelines assume the path of least resistance is scaling of existing tech and that emerging tech only arrives when scaling becomes difficult or cost prohibitive.

To add to this, both foundries and independent IC manufacturers are beginning to incorporate embedded NVM into some of their newer designs.   These new designs will fuel emerging IoT systems incoming years.RISC-V remains an emerging technology that should allow for rapid adoption and integration of new IoT instances as this article attests.  CY19 is the year when RISC-V begins to make its mark and its open source nature should begin to differentiate it from alternatives that are captive or supplier unique.

This new CMOS image sensor is going to spur memory demand as 20MP cameras begin to move into even more of the smartphone market.  Bring it on!

Continue reading

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Weekly Global Tech News, January 21, 2019

This is a guest post from Mike Montemorra, who is a technology guru with long and successful career in computer industry. Mike keeps an eye on the latest developments in computer and storage technology and publishes his observations weekly. Below is his brief summary of what was important in the past week.


What did we learn last week?

This week, we will focus on solid state memories as there have been a few interesting developments relating to new technologies such as eMRAM and racetrack memory.    Also, 5G will begin to jell in CY19 and really take off in CY20… can’t wait!   Hope you enjoy these bits from the week’s news.

WDC is not yet a huge force in NVMe enterprise SSD’s, but that may soon change with these products.  All they need to do is further increase capacities which they might do if they simply use 96L QLC.

MRAM at ever increasing densities began shipping in some volume late last year.  This has been a long time coming for Everspin, but their eMRAM technology is also available inside your next TSMC or Global Foundries design (for a price).

Here’s an interesting discussion on how AI will affect semiconductor and system design in the coming years.   As AI gets closer to influencing our daily lives, it makes sense to understand where the pundits see things moving.

Continue reading

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Weekly Global Tech News, January 14, 2019

This is a guest post from Mike Montemorra, who is a technology guru with long and successful career in computer industry. Mike keeps an eye on the latest developments in computer and storage technology and publishes his observations weekly. Below is his brief summary of what was important in the past week.


What did we learn last week?

Hi everyone and Happy New Year to all!

This year has good things in store for all of us in the storage end of the business, of that I am sure, so let’s get going!

In case you haven’t seen this already, this is a very well written summarization of current HDD HAMR vs MAMR technologies.

The ‘winner’, of course, will be the company that makes the most money or can recoup some or all of their copious investments.    WD made its announcement that 16TB MAMR drives were ‘sampling’ at CES this week. I will be more impressed when they announce customer design wins and release some reliability data.

… and conventional HDD’s are still being announced with the recent Toshiba MG08 16TB drive.  I suppose we all knew that 16TB was inevitable given the 9D helium platform they have.  Others will probably follow suit since this is the path off least resistance toward higher capacity without ‘energy assist’ (MAMR or HAMR) products which will probably ramp up more slowly to provide a solid reli base for customer confidence.

The GreyBeards are at it again with a year-end CY18 summary report.  It’s interesting and probably predictive of trends for CY19.

… and Storage Newsletter has their predictions for CY19 as well (part 1 and part 2).  They say object storage is dead and composable infrastructure is emerging (what would be really interesting is compostable storage, but that may not be in the cards!)

Here’s an interesting paper on how STT-MRAM might evolve in coming years.

The first step in further increases in speed for these STT junctions is precise control of higher order spin waves.  There are potentially other uses besides memory for these kinds of spintronic devices.

Continue reading

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Weekly Global Tech News, January 7, 2019

This is a guest post from Mike Montemorra, who is a technology guru with long and successful career in computer industry. Mike keeps an eye on the latest developments in computer and storage technology and publishes his observations weekly. Below is his brief summary of what was important in the past week.


What did we learn last week?

Happy New Year 2019!  Let’s hope for good things to come for all of us as the storage industry works its way out of a supply glut while 5G and IoT emerge to generate more data! The second half of CY19 should once again be heady times again for the business, so buckle up as we swoop downward into the bottom of the cycle and start heading back upwards!

MAMR vs HAMR ‘rock ’em, sock ’em at 16TB and beyond… who will win or will both technologies see production?  Which will be the most flexible and reliable?  and most critically for the bottom line, which technology will be the most profitable?  Only time will tell…

I guess that, in retrospect, we should have seen the memory glut coming as data storage is always a cyclical business, but if you look at the future of storage in the coming years, the long term view is good (until the next cycle sets in, of course).  …and Korea, Inc is still investing at the bleeding edge (read DDR5 and MRAM)!


Here’s a good review of enterprise SSD products from various manufacturers.  Note the conspicuous lack of key HDD &SSD players WDC and STX in this particular SSD mix which is intended to span the range of enterprise market offerings.  Note also the (relatively) high power consumption levels and the wide range of DWPD specs…


A little more 5G hype for your new year.  …but seriously, I do believe that CY19 is going to see both the emergence of 5G and its rapid adoption (at least at the high end of the market), spawning a new chip boom late in the year.  Just look at the SnapDragon 855 processor that will be used in many ‘5G capable’ phones this year.  This article reviews the key capabilities of that 7nm chip.  

CES is next week!!   Here’s what should be big. https://techcrunch.com/2018/12/31/what-to-expect-from-ces-2019/


Of course, I couldn’t complete this week’s message without a few words about New Horizon’s latest accomplishment. They captured a bunch of data, but have paused because New Horizon is currently behind the sun… It is a testament to the laws of physics and the accuracy of our interactive orbital calculations that we can get this close to the object without smacking it!

NASA ‘ 2014 MU69  aka ‘Ultima Thule’.

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